FOR Lewiss




11th Edition

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Lewis's Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment

and Management of Clinical Problems 11th Edition


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Professional Nursing


1. The nurse completes an admission database and explains that the plan of care and

discharge goals will be developed with the patients input. The patient states, How is

this different from what the doctor does? Which response would be most appropriate

for the nurse to make?

a. The role of the nurse is to administer medications and other treatments

prescribed by your doctor.

b. The nurses job is to help the doctor by collecting information and

communicating any problems that occur.

c. Nurses perform many of the same procedures as the doctor, but nurses

are with the patients for a longer time than the doctor.

d. In addition to caring for you while you are sick, the nurses will assist

you to develop an individualized plan to maintain your health.


This response is consistent with the American Nurses Association (ANA) definition

of nursing, which describes the role of nurses in promoting health. The other

responses describe some of the dependent and collaborative functions of the nursing

role but do not accurately describe the nurses role in the health care system.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Understand (comprehension) REF: 3

TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment

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2. The nurse describes to a student nurse how to use evidence-based practice

guidelines when caring for patients. Which statement, if made by the nurse, would be

the most accurate?

a. Inferences from clinical research studies are used as a guide.

b. Patient care is based on clinical judgment, experience, and traditions.

c. Data are evaluated to show that the patient outcomes are consistently


d. Recommendations are based on research, clinical expertise, and patient



Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the use of the best research-based evidence

combined with clinician expertise. Clinical judgment based on the nurses clinical

experience is part of EBP, but clinical decision making should also incorporate

current research and research-based guidelines. Evaluation of patient outcomes is

important, but interventions should be based on research from randomized control

studies with a large number of subjects.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Remember (knowledge) REF: 11

TOP: Nursing Process: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment

3. The nurse teaches a student nurse about how to apply the nursing process when

providing patient care. Which statement, if made by the student nurse, indicates that

teaching was successful?

a. The nursing process is a scientific-based method of diagnosing the

patients health care problems.

b. The nursing process is a problem-solving tool used to identify and treat

patients health care needs.

c. The nursing process is based on nursing theory that incorporates the

biopsychosocial nature of humans.

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d. The nursing process is used primarily to explain nursing interventions to

other health care professionals.


The nursing process is a problem-solving approach to the identification and treatment

of patients problems. Diagnosis is only one phase of the nursing process. The primary

use of the nursing process is in patient care, not to establish nursing theory or explain

nursing interventions to other health care professionals.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Understand (comprehension) REF: 7

TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment

4. A patient has been admitted to the hospital for surgery and tells the nurse, I do not

feel comfortable leaving my children with my parents. Which action should the nurse

take next?

a. Reassure the patient that these feelings are common for parents.

b. Have the patient call the children to ensure that they are doing well.

c. Gather more data about the patients feelings about the child-care


d. Call the patients parents to determine whether adequate child care is

being provided.


Since a complete assessment is necessary in order to identify a problem and choose an

appropriate intervention, the nurses first action should be to obtain more information.

The other actions may be appropriate, but more assessment is needed before the best

intervention can be chosen.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Apply (application) REF: 6-7

OBJ: Special Questions: Prioritization TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment


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Category TEST BANK
Release date 2021-09-06
Latest update 2021-09-21
Pages 694
Language English
Comments 0
Sales 0
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