NR 511 WEEK 8 EXAM Questions and 100% correct answers| Graded A+ 2021

NR 511 WEEK 8 EXAM Questions and 100% correct answers| Graded A+ Question 1. The most cost-effective screening test for determining HIV status is which of the following? Student Answer: Western blot Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test Viral load Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 2.Question : Which blood test is a nonspecific method and most helpful for evaluating the severity and course of an inflammatory process? Student Answer: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate White blood cell count Polymorphonuclear cells C-reactive protein (CRP) Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 3.Question : Cocaine acts as a stimulant by blocking the reuptake of which neurotransmitter? Student Answer: GABA Acetylcholine Dopamine Serotonin Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 4.Question : Mrs. Thomas was seen in the office complaining of pain and point tenderness in the area of her elbow. The pain has increased following a day of gardening one week ago. A physical finding that differentiates the diagnosis and is most consistent with lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) is: Student Answer: Ecchymosis, edema, and erythema over the lateral epicondyle Pain at the elbow with resisted movements at the wrist and forearm Inability to supinate and pronate the arm Inability to flex or extend the elbow against resistance Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 5.Question : Which of the following statements concerning the musculoskeletal examination is true? Student Answer: The uninvolved side should be examined initially and then compared to the involved side. The part of the body that is causing the patient pain should be examined first. When possible, the patient should not be asked to perform active range-of-motion (ROM) exercises to avoid causing pain. Radiographs should always be obtained prior to examination so as not to cause further injury to the patient. Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 6.Question : Which of the following signs or symptoms indicate an inflammatory etiology to musculoskeletal pain? Student Answer: Decreased C-reactive protein Hyperalbuminemia Morning stiffness Weight gain Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 7.Question : Which causes the greatest percentage of mammalian bites? Student Answer: Dogs Cats Humans Rodents Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 8.Question : A 48-year-old woman is seen in the clinic with complaints of prolonged heavy menstrual periods. She is pale and states she can no longer exercise. Pelvic exam reveals a single, very large mass. Which of the following diagnostic tests should the clinician order first? Student Answer: Transvaginal ultrasound Endometrial biopsy MRI Abdominal computed tomography scan Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 9.Question : A diabetic patient asks the clinician why he needs to check his blood sugar at home even when he feels good. Which of the following responses would be most appropriate? Student Answer: "Control of glucose will help postpone or delay complications." "Regularly checking blood sugar will help establish a routine." "Monitoring glucose will promote a sense of control." All of the above Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 10.Question : A 25-year-old patient presents to the clinic with fatigue, cold intolerance, weight gain, and constipation for the past 3 months. On physical examination, the clinician notices a sinus bradycardia; muscular stiffness; coarse, dry hair; and a delay in relaxation in deep tendon reflexes. Which of the following tests should be ordered next? Student Answer: Serum calcium TSH Electrolytes Urine specific gravity Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 11.Question : Which of the following medications for type 2 diabetes mellitus should not be prescribed during pregnancy? Student Answer: Insulin Metformin Glucotrol Precose Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 12.Question : During a DRE on a 75-year-old man, the clinician suspects the patient has prostate cancer. What physical finding should make the clinician suspicious? Student Answer: An enlarged rubbery gland A hard irregular gland A tender gland A boggy gland Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 13.Question : Eddie, age 4, presents to the ED with a live insect trapped in his ear canal causing a lot of distress. What should be your first step? Student Answer: Remove the insect with tweezers. Immobilize the insect with 2% lidocaine. Sedate Eddie with diazepam. Shine a light in the ear for the insect to "find its way out." Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 14.Question : What is the most common cause of microcytic anemia? Student Answer: Anemia of chronic disease Sideroblastic anemia Iron-deficiency anemia Thalassemia Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 15.Question : An 82-year-old man is seen in the primary care office with complaints of dribbling urine and difficulty starting his stream. Which of the following should be included in the list of differential diagnoses? Student Answer: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Parkinson's disease Prostate cancer All of the above Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 16.Question : Early rheumatoid disease is characterized by: Student Answer: Pain and swelling in both small and large peripheral joints Rigid joints with diminished range of motion Joint swelling and immobility on rising A cardiac rub or pulmonary friction rub Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 17.Question : A 70-year-old female has fallen 2 weeks ago and developed immediate pain in her left wrist. She thought she just bruised it but is worried because it has not improved. She has used Tylenol® and ice at home, and that has helped slightly. You examine her and find she has moderate swelling and ecchymosis but no overtly obvious deformity. Her ROM is uncomfortable and severely diminished due to the pain. No crepitus is heard or felt. Her fingers are warm; her pulse is strong; and capillary refill is less than 2 seconds. What should you do? Student Answer: Make an immediate referral for an orthopedic evaluation without further assessment. Tell her that it takes time for these bruises to improve, so she should be patient. Obtain a wrist x-ray and place her wrist in a splint or prescribe a splint. Send her to the emergency room for reduction of this obvious wrist fracture. Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 18.Question : The criteria for diagnosing generalized anxiety disorder in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (text revision) state that excessive worry or apprehension must be present more days than not for at least: Student Answer: 1 month 3 months 6 months 12 months Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 19.Question : A 60-year-old man presents with an enlarged scrotum. The clinician uses a penlight to transilluminate the scrotum. In a patient with a hydrocele, what would the clinician expect to find? Student Answer: The scrotum will be dark. The scrotum will appear light pink or yellow. The scrotum will appear milky white. The internal structures will be clearly visible. Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 20.Question : According to Kübler-Ross, the stages of grief occur in which order? Student Answer: Anger, denial, depression, bargaining, acceptance Anger, denial, bargaining, acceptance, depression Denial, anger, depression, bargaining, acceptance Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance Points Received: (not graded) Comments: - - - - - - - - - - - - - Question 93.Question : The clinician is caring for Diane, a 22-year-old woman who presents with an injured ankle. Diane asks the clinician if she will need an x-ray. The clinician explains to Diane that an x- ray is not always necessary for an injured ankle and that the decision to obtain radiographs is dependent on the examination and Diane's description of her injury. Which of the following clues in Diane's examination or history would alert the clinician to the need for obtaining radiographs? Student Answer: Inability to bear weight immediately after the injury Development of marked ankle swelling and discoloration after the injury Crepitation with palpation or movement of the ankle All of the above Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 94.Question : A vegetarian patient with gout asks the clinician about food he should avoid. The clinician should advise the patient to avoid which of the following foods? Student Answer: Rice Carrots Spinach Potatoes Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 95.Question : A patient with a basilar skull fracture may experience an impaired downward gaze or diplopia from which affected cranial nerve? Student Answer: CN II CN III CN IV CN V Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 96.Question : A patient presents to the clinician after experiencing four episodes in the last month of sweating, palpitations, chest pain, nausea, and shaking. Each episode lasted about 10 minutes. The patient is now becoming very fearful of future events and has been reluctant to leave the house. The clinician suspects panic disorder but wants to rule out any possible medical causes. Which of the following medical conditions can mimic the symptoms of a panic attack? Student Answer: Pheochromocytoma Hyperthyroidism Cardiac arrhythmias All of the above Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 97.Question : Which test is used to confirm a diagnosis of epididymitis? Student Answer: Urinalysis Gram stain of urethral discharge Complete blood cell count with differential Ultrasound of the scrotum Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 98.Question : BATHEing the patient refers to: Student Answer: A technique used in primary care to get the patient to accept the need for psychological or psychiatric referral A technique used to facilitate cultural understanding A technique used to perform psychotherapy A technique that is a quick screen for psychiatric issues and interventions for psychological problems Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 99.Question : BATHEing the patient is an advanced practice nursing intervention that allows the practitioner to: Student Answer: Develop a therapeutic relationship without "owning" the patient's problem Conduct psychological counseling within the context of the primary care encounter Focus on the "process" and not the assessment Make the patient and family happier Points Received: (not graded) Comments: Question 100.Question : A 45-year-old woman is seen in the clinic with abnormal uterine bleeding and pain during intercourse. The clinician should consider which of the following diagnoses? Student Answer: Leiomyoma Pregnancy Ovarian cancer All of the above Points Received: (not graded) Comments: * Times are displayed in (GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US & Canada)

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