OCR_A Level Religious Studies _H573/01 Mark Scheme Oct 2021 | Philosophy of Religion

OCR_A Level Religious Studies _H573/01 Mark Scheme Oct 2021 | Philosophy of Religion

GCE

Religious Studies

H573/01: Philosophy of religion

Advanced GCE

Mark Scheme for Autumn 2021

Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

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This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and students, to indicate the requirements

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indicate the details of the discussions which took place at an examiners’ meeting before marking

commenced.

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candidates’ scripts must be given marks that fairly reflect the relevant knowledge and skills

demonstrated.

Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the published question papers and the report

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© OCR 2021

H573/01 Mark Scheme October 2021

2

Indicative content – Responses might include: Guidance

1. Evaluate Tillich’s approach to religious language.

AO1 Candidates may demonstrate knowledge and understanding

through the use of some of the following materials:

• Tillich’s view that religious statements ought not to be

understood literally but should be interpreted as being

symbolic

• his approach was that religious language can be understood

best using the same process that applies when understanding

the significance of symbols

• a symbol, for Tillich, participates in that to which it points – for

example, a flag participates in the honour of the nation it

represents; in the same way, a linguistic symbol participates at

a deeper level in the ultimate reality to which it points

• for Tillich, God is not spoken of literally, even in terms of the

name ‘God’ – all that can be said directly is that God is ‘Being

itself’ or ‘the Ground of Being’

• symbolic words are not established randomly but from the

sense of collective unconscious shared by the community –

and, as such, symbolic significance can alter over time

• a symbol transcends factual information and unlocks levels of

reality both about God and about ourselves – in a similar

manner to works of art.

AO2 Candidates may demonstrate evaluation and analysis through

the use of some of the following arguments.

• Some candidates might argue that Tillich’s approach to

religious language is strong because:

o by removing language from the literal, the ultimate and

ineffable nature of God is maintained

o it successfully develops prior attempts to understand

religious language because it removes God from human

spheres (unlike, for example, Aquinas’ analogy)

o it corresponds to the human understanding that there is

more to life than words can fully describe – such as art,

beauty and love

o it allows religious language to be understood, like all

language, to be continually evolving

o it successfully explains why non-religious people find it

difficult to understand and engage with religious

assertions

o it allows the symbolic to comprise different levels of

meaning for different people, thus acknowledging that

there are many ways to access or understand God.

• Some candidates might argue that Tillich’s approach to

religious language is weak because:

Some may compare

Tillich’s views of

religious language with

other cognitive or noncognitive approaches.

This is creditable where

the focus remains on

evaluating Tillich.

H573/01 Mark Scheme October 2021

3

Indicative content – Responses might include: Guidance

o the link between the symbol and that to which it points (or

in which it participates) is unclear

o religious statements are fundamentally different to art,

beauty and love because they seek to convey truth

o Tillich’s attempt to retain a sense in which religious

language is cognitive is contradicted by his focus on deep

understanding

o if symbolic language can change over time then there is

nothing to say that human understanding of God is

currently accurate

o if God is to be understood as ‘Being itself’, it is not clear

how symbols participate in this Being in any way that is

unique.

• Some candidates may combine these views and argue that

while Tillich’s approach is internally coherent and provides a

useful understanding of the language of the believer, by

removing it from the realms of fact, this understanding makes

the status of any religious statement questionable.

H573/01 Mark Scheme October 2021

4

Indicative content – Responses might include: Guidance

2. ‘Divine power is not limited’. Discuss.

AO1 Candidates may demonstrate knowledge and understanding

through the use of some of the following materials:

• the range of possible definitions of ‘divine power’ or

‘omnipotence’

• Anselm’s approach that divine power means that God has

unlimited power but God’s other attributes ensure that God

does not do things such as lie

• the view that God can only do what is logically possible and

what is logically possible for God would include not changing

the past and not sinning

• Swinburne’s approach that understanding God in the context

of logical possibility can be understood because God not

making a square circle is not possible because a square circle

is not a thing

• the suggestion that God has ‘self-limited’ in creating a limited

universe, perhaps only within the bounds of time

• exploration of relevant Scripture that shows a monotheistic

God’s power either as omnipotent or as almighty.


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Version 2021
Category OCR
Included files pdf
Authors qwivy.com
Pages 17
Language English
Tags OCR_A Level Religious Studies _H573/01 Mark Scheme Oct 2021 | Philosophy of Religion
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