Gizmos Student Exploration| Nuclear Reactions Answer Key

Student Exploration: Nuclear Reactions [Note to teachers and students: This Gizmo was designed as a follow-up to the Nuclear Decay Gizmo. We recommend doing that activity before trying this one.] Vocabulary: chain reaction, CNO cycle, catalyst, deuterium, electron volt, fission, fusion, isotope, nuclear reaction, positron, positron emission, proton-proton chain Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) The chart to the right gives the isotope name, element name, number of protons, and number of neutrons of three isotopes. 1. What do you notice about the isotope number and the sum of protons and neutrons? 2. The element symbol for uranium-238 is . This means U-238 has a total mass of 238 and contains 92 protons. Write the element symbols for the isotopes in the table: Hydrogen-1 Carbon-12 Uranium-235 Gizmo Warm-up The Nuclear Reactions Gizmo simulates a particle accelerator. Particle accelerators speed up atoms to very high velocities, then crash the atoms together with enough energy to cause changes called nuclear reactions. There are three particle beams available in this Gizmo, protons, neutrons, and helium-3 nuclei. 1. Click Fire Proton to engage the first particle beam. What happens? 2. Colliding particles don¶t alZas react. Click Reset, and then click Fire neutron. A. Does a reaction occur? B. Explain: Isotope Protons Neutrons Hydrogen-1 1 0 Carbon-12 6 6 Uranium-235 92 143 Alexa Nissim 6420 H E No The isotope number is equal to the sum of the protons and neutrons. Proton joins nucleus Neutron traveled through the nucleus

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