HESI EXIT RN 2021 V1
HESI EXIT RN 2021 V1

HESI Exit Exam

1. Which information is a priority for the RN to reinforce to an older client after intravenous

pylegraphy?

A) Eat a light diet for the rest of the day

B) Rest for the next 24 hours since the preparation and the test is tiring.

C) During waking hours drink at least 1 8-ounce glass of fluid every hour for the next 2 days

D) Measure the urine output for the next day and immediately notify the health care provider if it

should decrease.

The correct answer is D: Measure the urine output for the next day and immediately notify the

health care provider if it should decrease.

2. A client has altered renal function and is being treated at home. The nurse recognizes that the

most accurate indicator of fluid balance during the weekly visits is

A) difference in the intake and output

B) changes in the mucous membranes

C) skin turgor

D) weekly weight

The correct answer is D: weekly weight

3. A client has been diagnosed with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.Which information is most

important for the nurse to reinforce with the client?

A) It is a condition in which one or more tumors called gastrinomas form in the pancreas or in

the upper part of the small intestine (duodenum)

B) It is critical to report promptly to your health care provider any findings of peptic ulcers

c) Treatment consists of medications to reduce acid and heal any peptic ulcers and, if possible,

surgery to remove any tumors

D) With the average age at diagnosis at 50 years the peptic ulcers may occur at unusual areas of

the stomach or intestine

The correct answer is B: It is critical to report promptly to your health care provider any findings

of peptic ulcers.

4. A primigravida in the third trimester is hospitalized for preeclampsia. The nurse determines

that the client’s blood pressure is increasing. Which action should the nurse take first?

A) Check the protein level in urine

B) Have the client turn to the left side

C) Take the temperature

D) Monitor the urine output

The correct answer is B: Have the client turn to the left side

5. The nurse is caring for a client in atrial fibrillation. The atrial heart rate is 250 and the

ventricular rate is controlled at 75. Which of the following findings is cause for the most

concern?

A) Diminished bowel sounds

B) Loss of appetite

C) A cold, pale lower leg

D) Tachypnea

The correct answer is C: A cold, pale lower leg

6. The client with infective endocarditis must be assessed frequently by the home health nurse.

Which finding suggests that antibiotic therapy is not effective, and must be reported by the nurse

immediately to the healthcare provider?

A) Nausea and vomiting

B) Fever of 103 degrees Fahrenheit (39.5 degrees Celsius)

C) Diffuse macular rash

D) Muscle tenderness

The correct answer is B: Fever of 103 degrees F (39.5 degrees C)

7. A client who had a vasectomy is in the post recovery unit at an outpatient clinic. Which of

these points is most important to be reinforced by the nurse?

A) Until the health care provider has determined that your ejaculate doesn't contain sperm,

continue to use another form of contraception.

B) This procedure doesn't impede the production of male hormones or the production of sperm in

the testicles. The sperm can no longer enter your semen and no sperm are in your ejaculate.

C) After your vasectomy, strenuous activity needs to be avoided for at least 48 hours. If your

work doesn't involve hard physical labor, you can return to your job as soon as you feel up to it.

The stitches generally dissolve in seven to ten days.

D) The health care provider at this clinic recommends rest, ice, an athletic supporter or over-thecounter pain medication to relieve any discomfort

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